What is cocaine?

cocaine facts

Cocaine is an addictive substance made from Erythroxylon coca leave. It is mainly consumed by snorting, but it can also be inhaled or injected into a vein.

Cocaine is an addictive substance made from Erythroxylon coca leave. Even though it has a few medically accepted uses like numbing and controlling blood during nasal surgery, it is mainly used as a recreational drug. It is also called by a lot of different names including benzoylmethylecgonine and street names such as coke, snow, blow, flake or C. Some of these names come from the fact that it is usually in a form of a fine, white, crystalline powder. It is mainly consumed by snorting, but it can also be inhaled or injected into a vein.

When cocaine enters human system it creates an intense feeling of happiness and sometimes it can make a person lose touch with reality. It also causes sweating, increased hate rate and pupil size. It is very addictive even after a short amount of time and can cause a number of significant problems during a prolonged use. The intake of this drug can be very dangerous, and can lead to many risks such as stroke, serious infections, or in the severe cases cardiac death that can suddenly occur. Statistics show that only in 2013. around 4,300 people died from cocaine and 419 kilograms of it has been used.

This drug is rarely sold as pure cocaine on the streets, and dealers tend to mix it with talcum powder or sugar in order to gain more profit. Crack is also a street name for a version of cocaine that is smoked and produces a sound of crackling whilst it is being used.

Even though cocaine became popular amongst people in the 1980s and 1990s, it was used long before that and it is one of the oldest psychoactive substances. Cocaine received the first public hype when a drink Coca-Cola was released. It had nine milligrams in only one glass, but due to a big controversy, it was taken out of a Coca-Cola drink in 1903. Today, cocaine is the second most used drug in the world.